Concrete homes are commonly constructed from concrete, but it is possible to use other materials in combination with concrete such as steel. Concrete is widely used for the construction of homes, residential, and industrial buildings. This is because not only does it versatile and can be casted in any desired form but also cost effective and materials can be obtained locally.
There is great interest today in concrete home construction. This attention is largely focusing on sustainability, green building, disaster resistance, energy conservation, and safety. Engineers have attempted to come up with design ideas that meets these requirements in best possible way.
Concrete Home Design Ideas
Designer have applied numerous design ideas to construct concrete homes due to versatility and availability of construction materials. Motivations that enforce or led to new design ideas are different for instance some design ideas took inspiration from nature whereas energy efficiency, aesthetics, sustainability, and recycling materials may be the cause of new design ideas.
In the following sections, some of exceptional and award-winning design ideas used for construction of concrete homes are presented.
1. Concrete Home Dynamic Relationship with Nature
This two storey house is constructed from a cluster of interconnected structures that work together to create harmonious whole. As it is said by the designer “This concrete house is an example of how concrete can be used both structurally and aesthetically to stretch the boundaries of creative expression”.
It is designed by Fu-Tung Cheng of
CHENG Design. Exterior concrete walls are 38cm thick that minimize
heating and cooling needs. More details regarding this design can be achieved
2. Green Concrete Home
Concrete is utilized to constructed
this home to maximize energy savings, improve indoor air quality, and create
distinctive living spaces. Substantial energy savings achieved by using
ICF forms for the exterior walls of the home.
Moreover, outstanding environmentally
friendly attributes of this concrete home include polished and integrally
colored concrete floors on the main level with in-slab radiant heating, and insulating
concrete form walls.
In addition to geothermal hot-water heating, a 7-kilowatt solar electric power system, green concrete roof deck that sustains plant growth and reduces storm water runoff. Lastly, Stephen Bohner of Alchemy Construction is the builder of this house.
3. Carbon Neutral Concrete House
It is constructed from concrete and reclaimed brick with tile and wood accent. The area on which the carbon neutral house constructed is 175 square meters.
It is built in Australia, and key to the design is a generous connection to the rear courtyard, which makes it possible to live outside for half of the year. Greater details regarding this concrete home can be found in www.dwell.com.
The architects claimed that, spaces in
the house are merged to obtain both privacy and openness at the same time without
the need for doors and walls.
4. Concrete Home Inspired by Nature
As it can be seen from the figure,
the shape of the concrete roof is inspired by leaf that appears to float over
the glass house below.
5. Affordable Concrete House
These types of concrete houses are suitable for small families because it is fairly small and inexpensive. An example of affordable concrete house is shown in (Fig.5). This cuboid concrete house, which is designed by José Carlos Nunes de Oliveira is suitable for a family. The designer left the interior concrete walls bare and added as few partitions as possible in order to keep the budget down.
Benefits of Concrete Homes
One of the most outstanding
properties of concrete is its strength which provides comfortable shelter from
typical weather, and minimizes property damage while protecting occupants from
extreme weather and natural disasters.
It is another favored feature of
concrete which decline the need for future maintenance of homes.
Concrete is a versatile material
from which any shape and form can be constructed. This property allows designer
to do innovative design based on the demand of client and situations under
4. Environmentally Friendly
Materials required to produce concrete can be achieved locally. Recycled materials such as recycled aggregate, pozzolanic cementitious materials such as fly ash and silica fumes can be used to produce concrete.
This would lead to decrease CO2 emission during cement production since smaller quantity of cement would be required to be produced.
5. Benefits during Life of the Structure
Concrete homes provide several
advantages and benefits during its life span for instance cools indoors and
hence reduce energy consumption, and withstand disasters like fire; hurricane;
earthquake; and flood.
Added to that, due to the fact that
concrete has low volatile organic compound, it does not influence indoor air
quality. Lastly, it can be recycled to
produce recycled concrete aggregate.